I am struggling with certain allegations of the early church using violence and I was wondering if anyone could point me to some sources discussing this topic.
Some of the allegations include the following:
1. The use of parabalani by early patriarchs. For example: St. Cyril is said to be involved in the murder of Hypatia through the use of parabalani. (fromm what I understand the evidence is little to none)
2. There are allegations that St. Dioscorus employed monks and parabalani during Ephesus II, and it is also alleged that he was involved in a violent attack on Flavian (Chalcedon takes a serious stance on this).
3. The Melkite Pope Proterius allegedly being murdered by coptic mobs
There are probably more, but these are the ones I was looking to learn more about. I also know that politics played an unfortunate role in the early church and that, in the end, everyone involved were humans and that no one is perfect. I just want to learn more about this and if they are true, are there any official condemnations by the Coptic church?
Pray for me.