The Heresy of
(A collection of articles published in
`El-Keraza' English Magazine)

: The Heresy of Jehovah's Witnesses
: H.H. Pope Shenouda III
: Baramous . Monastery Press
: The First Edition - August 1993
:COEPA 1997

H.H. Pope Shenouda III, 117th Pope of
Alexandria and the See of St. Mark

E Introduction
E The Heresy of Jehovah's Witnesses
E Their False Translation of the Bible
E Some of their Heresies Regarding Christ
E Is Jesus Christ the Archangel Michael ?
E The Eternal Earthly Paradise
E Jehovah's Witnesses do not Believe in
the Immortality of the Soul
E The Doctrine of Annihilation
E Their Belief In Numerous Resurrections
E The Holy Spirit, Hypostasis or Power ?

Jehovah's Witnesses are not Christians. Although they believe
in the New Testament, it is their own incorrect translation that
is misconstrued to suit their beliefs. They do not call
themselves Christians, but `Jehovah's Witnesses' - `Jehovah'
being a name of God used in the Old Testament.
Their doctrine regarding the Lord Jesus Christ is completely
different to the Christian doctrine; it is a mixture of the heresy
of Arius, and other new heresies. They have even reached a
level much worse than that of Arius by far.
Many governments have expelled Jehovah's Witnesses from
their countries because they sensed the danger which they
{presented to the country's general peace}. Therefore, {it can be
said that} they do not only propagate false religious beliefs, but
they also propagate dangerous political ideas.
As they say that the Church is a product of the devil, they also
say that governments are a product of the devil, and encourage
people not to enter the armed forces. They also consider
saluting the flag as idolatry.
Jehovah's Witnesses do not believe in the immortality of the
soul and say that this is the teaching of the devil. They also say
that after a person dies, he lives happily in the `earthly paradise',
thus contradicting all the promises of the heavenly kingdom.

We are currently in the process of preparing a detailed book
about Jehovah's Witnesses. {It will respond to their ideas
which have now spread to many countries in the East and
West.} This booklet is merely a collection of articles that were
published in the `El-Keraza' English magazine, and which we
considered publishing and distributing as an introduction to the
upcoming book.

Historical Background
Jehovah's Witnesses are a group which appeared in the
second half of the nineteenth century. Their founder,
Charles Russell, was born in 1854 in Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

Russell was a Christian, but was influenced in his youth by
Arian and Seventh-Day Adventist teaching, as well as the ideas
of some atheists. From amongst all this mixture, he formed his
doctrine around the year 1872 and published it in the United
States of America. He was able to collect a fortune worth
approximately five million dollars, which he used for industrial
and commercial projects.
His wife sued him on the grounds of marital betrayal at the
Hamilton court which ruled in her favour, making him pay a fine
and approving her divorce application. Some farmers also
commenced proceedings against him on the grounds of fraud
and swindling because he sold to them wheat which he called,
`miracle wheat' at a very high price, claiming that it was from
the holy land and that it was many times more abundant than the
normal harvest. {Of course non of this was true, the wheat was
normal American wheat.}
In 1878 he renounced all Christian doctrine and in 1879 he
published the `Watch Tower' magazine, and thus this name
distinguished the publications and societies of Jehovah's


Witnesses. In the year 1884 he incorporated the "Watch
Tower Bible and Tract Society".

Russell died in 1916 and was succeeded by Judge Joseph

Their False Prophecies
One of the most amazing doctrines preached by Jehovah's
Witnesses is that dealing with the Second Coming. Russell
said that the world would end in 1914 with the Second
Coming of Christ and that the Jews would be assembled
together and govern the earth. However, the prophecy was
not fulfilled and he died shortly afterwards in 1916.
Jehovah's Witnesses {then} changed their thoughts to the

They said that the Lord Jesus Christ did not actually physically
come in 1874, but did so spiritually, and that He commenced
`harvesting' in 1878, gathering the `chosen'. In the year 1914
the Father (Jehovah) enthroned Him and Judgement began.
Hence, many wrote their wills and left their riches to Jehovah's
Witnesses in preparation for Judgement and the end of the
As for Russell's successor, Rutherford, he said that
Abraham, the father of the prophets, would come to the
world with a group of prophets in 1925 and he prepared a
palace in California to receive them which cost $75 000.


He dwelt with his wife in this palace awaiting their visitors, the
prophets who, of course, have not come till now.
Jehovah's Witnesses are not Christians
Although they believe in the New Testament, they are not
Christians; they do not accept this title nor are they related to
Christ. They are related to `Jehovah', one of the names of God
in the Old Testament. They are against Christianity, they do not
believe in it and attack it as they do every other religion without
The copy of the New Testament which they have is their
own special translation, in which they delete and change as
they wish, and they do not accept any other translation.

Therefore, extensive discussions with them are not fruitful, for
there is nothing easier than quoting a verse to them and having
them deny its existence, saying that it is not so in their
translation, or interpreting it in a roundabout way.
Jehovah's Witnesses are a dangerous organisation
They are dangerous from a political point of view. They view
all governments as products of Satan. They do not
acknowledge armies, regarding them also as a product of Satan;
they refuse to carry out any military service. Some see them as
a Zionist or Communist organisation.

Their Publications
They have many books, pamphlets and tracts as well as a
magazine called `Watch Tower'. Amongst their most famous
books are, Let God be True, The Harp of God, You Can live
Forever on Earth, Let Your Kingdom Come, The Truth That
Leads to Eternal Life, The Bible: God's Word or Man's,
, as well as many others.
Their Beliefs
We can say that they are an assembly of all the heresies, both
old and new.

E Jehovah's Witnesses are not Christians. They are not
attributed to Christ and they do not call themselves

They are attributed to Jehovah, one of the names of God in the
Old Testament. This is evidence that their doctrine has a Jewish
influence, proving their belief in the Sabbath.
E They believe that Christ is a god, but not God.
This is probably because they were influenced by certain
doctrines of Neo-Platonism or Gnosticism. This is the reason
they alter John 1:1 and say that `the Word was a god'.
E They have their own translation of the Holy Bible,
In which they alter the verses in order to suit their doctrines,
such as John 1: 1. Acts 20: 28 reads "...the church of God
which He purchased with His own blood", and this indicates
that God took flesh, purchased the Church with His own blood,
and thus, Christ is God. As for the translation used by
Jehovah's Witnesses, it replaces the last phrase with `with the
blood of His own'.


E The Jehovah's Witnesses' translation of the Bible is
called the New World Translation of the Scriptures.

In this translation they alter the Holy Bible to suit their
teachings. We can take one such example:
Jehovah's Witnesses do not believe that the spirit is everlasting;
they do not even agree with the existence of the spirit and they
{say}, as do Seventh Day Adventists, that when a person dies,
that person neither senses, nor feels, nor knows; having neither
life nor consciousness. Here, the words of our Lord to the
repentant thief in Luke 23: 43, "Assuredly I say to you: `today
you will be with Me in Paradise'"
stand against this teaching.
As long as he will be with the Christ in Paradise, then he has a
living spirit which can enjoy the association with the Lord Jesus
In this case, what do they do? They merely change the
beginning of Christ's words, making the translation read as
follows: "I say unto you today: `you shall be with me in
Paradise...' When will the Lord be in Paradise? Perhaps after
the general resurrection, according to their teachings.
One of the verses which indicates the Divine Incarnation clearly
is, "... great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifested in
the flesh"
(1 Timothy 3:16). Jehovah's Witnesses translate this
verse as, `...great is the mystery of godliness which was
manifest in flesh', with the deletion of the word `God', the
meaning is incorrect.


E Despite their belief that the Lord Jesus Christ is a god, and
that He is a mighty god (Isaiah 9:6), they do not consider that
He is the Almighty God, {hence implying that they believe in
E Jehovah's Witnesses say that the bowing of the Magi before
our Lord Jesus Christ proves that they were led by Satan.
E They say that Christ was created and pre-existed in heaven.
The purpose for His coming down from heaven is to be a
witness to the kingdom of Jehovah. In this way they fall into
the heresy of Arius which was anathematised by the Nicene
Ecumenical Council in 325 A.D. Saint Athanasius was the hero
who defended the Divinity of Christ there.
E They believe that the Lord Jesus Christ was assigned as a son
to God in Baptism, which was the beginning of his second birth.
The Lord Jesus Christ became a spiritual son to God in it, and a
king over the Kingdom of Jehovah. Actually, Baptism was one
of the occasions in which the Father witnessed to this Sonship
saying, "This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased"
(Matthew 3:17). John the Baptist also witnessed to this, saying,
"And I have seen and testified that this is the Son of God"
(John 1:34).

However, at the time of the Annunciation, prior to the Baptism
and Birth, the angel said to the Virgin, "that (the) Holy One
who is to be born will be called the Son of God"
(Luke 1:35).
It is said in the Creed that the Son is, `born of the Father before
all ages'. The Father witnessed to Him in the second Psalm
saying, "You are MY Son, Today I have begotten You" (Psalm
2:7). Saint Paul quoted this phrase saying, "For to which of the
angels did He ever say: You are My Son, Today I have
begotten You ... And again...But when He again brings the
firstborn into the world, He says: "Let all the angels of God
worship Him"
(Hebrews 1:5-6).
E They say that the Lord Jesus Christ took the Divine Nature in
Baptism. This, of course, is against Christ's ability to create:
"All things were made through Him" and "He was in the world,
and the world was made through Him, and the world did not
know Him"
(John 1); how could He then create the world if He
is not God?
E Jehovah's Witnesses say that the Lord Jesus Christ does not
have an immortal soul, but that He gained immortality as a
reward for His success in examination and His loyalty to His
Father until death. They say that Christ was not immortal at the
beginning of His creation, thus meaning that eternal life is
dependent upon eternal obedience. However, the time came
when Jehovah (God) granted his son immortality, after a test of
obedience. This is impossible, because how can Christ be
without an immortal soul, when He is the One who created
everything, "All things were made through Him, and without
Him nothing was made that was made"
(John 1:3).

E They also say that Christ did not rise in flesh, and did not
ascend to heaven in flesh, but that His crucified Body was taken
out from the tomb and hidden by the angel with the penetrating
power of God and that He arose in spirit only. Naturally, this is
against the saying of the Lord Jesus Christ to His disciples after
the Resurrection, "Handle Me and see, for a spirit does not
have flesh and bones as you see I have ... And He took it (fish)
and ate in their presence"
(Luke 24:39-43). {Furthermore},
He let Thomas touch the place of His wounds (John 20:27-29).
E The actual meaning of resurrection is that it is a resurrection
of the body because the spirit does not die; it is the body which
is resurrected after the spirit's reunion with it. Therefore, if the
body does not rise, then there is no resurrection at all.
EThey {say} that Christ did not ascend to heaven with a
disfigured body, because if He did then He would be less than
the angels. We do not see Christ's wounds as a disfigurement
of His Body, but as a sign of His love for and Redemption of
us; we say with Isaiah the prophet, "... and by His stripes we
are healed"
(Isaiah 53:5).
The Book of Revelations states that He was seen in heaven in
the appearance of "a Lamb as though it had been slain"
(Revelations 5:6), and that the Priests worshipped Him, saying
"...You are worthy to take the scroll (the Bible) and to open its
seals; for You were slain, and have redeemed us to God by
Your blood"
(Revelations 5:9).


Jehovah's Witnesses say that Jesus Christ is the Archangel
and this belief is expressed in their book, This Means
Everlasting Life
, which is their commentary on Revelations
12:13-19:5. The Harp of God is their commentary on Daniel
12:1 and Salvation is their commentary on Revelations 12:7-9.
In Reply to this:
E Saint Paul the Apostle clarified that the Divinity of
Christ is much higher than that of angels
In Hebrews 1:3-14, he presented proof of this in the following
(1) The sitting of Christ on the right hand of God on high
(Hebrews 1:3). This fact is also mentioned in Mark 16:19 and
Acts 7:56. The Father said to the Son, "Sit at My right hand,
till I make Your enemies Your footstool"
(Hebrews 1:13 and
Psalm 110:1).
(2) The angels worshipping the Lord Jesus Christ in
Hebrews 1:6
. This worshipping was also mentioned in
Philippians 2:10.

(3) There is witness in the book of Psalms to Christ when it
says, "Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; A scepter of
righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom"
(Psalm 45:6),
whereas it is said about the angels, "Who makes His angels
spirits, His ministers a flame of fire"
(Psalm 104:4).
(4) Christ is `the Creator' in Psalm 102:25-27. This is also
mentioned in John 1:3, "All things were made through Him,
and without Him nothing was made that was made"
and "He
was in the world, and the world was made through Him"
1:10). As long as He created all things, then this includes the
angels, amongst whom is the Archangel Michael.
(5) It was said about the Lord Jesus Christ, "You have put
all things under His feet"
(Psalm 8:6 and Hebrews 2:8)
whereas, "He has not put the world....insubjection to angels"
(Hebrews 2:5). However, the Lord Jesus Christ said about
Himself, "All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on
(Matthew 28:18). This authority, of course, includes
authority over angels.
We wish to add the following points to all of this:
(1) It was said about the Archangel Michael in his contention
with the devil that he "dared not bring against him a reviling
accusation, but said, `The Lord rebukeYou!'"
(Jude 9),
whereas, the Lord Jesus Christ rebuked the devil many times
(Mark 1:25, 27). He also cast out demons from many people
and He gave His disciples authority to cast out demons
(Matthew 10: 1, 8 and Luke 10:17).

(2) It was said about the Lord Jesus Christ that, "(He) made
Himself of no reputation, taking the form of a servant"
(Philippians 2:7) whereas the angel is a servant to God by his
nature (Revelations 19:10).
(3) It was said about the angels that they are sons of God (Job
1:6 and 38:7). As for Christ, He is the Only Son (John 3:16 &
18; 1:18 and 1 John 4:9) which means that He is the only One
of His Nature and Essence.
(4) The Lord Jesus Christ said that He and the Father are one
(John 10:30), a statement which neither angel nor archangel
could dare make.
(5) Neither the Archangel Michael nor any of the other
archangels were described with the characteristics which are
unique to God alone, such as His omnipresence, immortality,
ability to create and reading thoughts.
(6) It was said about the Lord Jesus Christ that the angels are
"His angels" (Matthew 13:41; 16:27 and 24:31). This means
that they all conform to Him, including the Archangel Michael.
E Another point which we can add is that Jehovah's
Witnesses mix between the Lord being an angel and His
appearance in the form of an angel
The Lord's occasional appearance in the Old Testament in the
form of an angel does not mean that He is an angel, for He also
appeared in the form of a man, as in Genesis 32: 24-30... does
this mean that God is a man?


Jehovah's Witnesses and Seventh Day Adventists believe that
the reward of the righteous will be a paradise on earth.
Regarding this they say, that:
� There is no inspired scripture which contains a promise that
the redeemed will be given heaven as an eternal homeland.
� God created the earth for the people to dwell in, Satan took
the earth by force and sin delayed the divine plan- until this
earth returns to the children of God.
� God's promise to Abraham regarding the ownership of the
earth shall be realised after He purifies it; Jerusalem will then
become the capital of this kingdom.
� People will live happily in this earthly paradise and Isaiah's
prophecy will be fulfilled in them, "They shall build houses
and inhabit them; They shall plant vineyards and eat their
(Isaiah 65..21).
In reply to this heresy we say:
(1) The promise of granting them the earth, houses and trees is
against the eternal joy that the Holy Bible spoke about, "Eye
has not seen, nor ear heard, nor have entered into the heart of


man the things which God has prepared for those who love
(1 Corinthians 2:9).
(2) All of these physical pleasures such as eating, drinking,
living in houses and the enjoyment of gardens are materialistic
matters, whereas the Bible teaches us that the Day of
Resurrection will be with spiritual, heavenly bodies (1
Corinthians 15:44, 49-50). Therefore, how can these heavenly
bodies enjoy materialistic things?
(3) It is not possible that people will labour in eternity in
building houses and planting vines - and the prophecies of the
Old Testament were not about an eternal earthly life. Likewise,
God's promise to Abraham was with respect to his children on
earth, and a symbol of heaven.
(4) The Bible says that this earth will pass away, it will not be
purified and prepared for inhabitancy. The Lord Jesus Christ
said, "heaven and earth (will) pass away" (Matthew 5:18), this
was also mentioned in the book of Revelation (21:1).
(5) The Parables that the Lord said about `the kingdom of
, as in Matthew 13, 24:31-47, 18:23, 20:1, 22:2 and
25:1, are numerous. The verses about the kingdom of heaven
are many and the most famous are:"...but whoever does and
teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of
(Matthew 5:19), and "Not everyone who says to Me,
`Lord, Lord,' shall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who
does the will of My Father in heaven"
(Matthew 7:21). The
promise of the kingdom of heaven can be found in the sermon
on the mount; Our Lord said, "Rejoice and be exceedingly
glad, for great is your reward in heaven"
(Matthew 5:12, Luke

6:23); "...but rather rejoice because your names are written in
(Luke 10:20); and "...lay up for yourselves treasures
in heaven"
(Matthew 6:20).
Saint Paul the Apostle is clear in saying, "For we know that if
our earthly house, this tent, is destroyed, we have a building
from God, a house not made with hands, eternal in the
(2 Corinthians 5:1, 2). This verse is clear and does
not agree with the phrase, "They shall build houses and inhabit
them." Also read Colossians 1:5, Hebrews 12:23, Mark 12:25,
2 Timothy 4:8 and Hebrews 11:16.
(6) Saint Paul the Apostle speaks about all the believers being
`caught up in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air', "And thus
we shall always be with the Lord"
(1 Thessalonians 4:17). The
Lord says about His Second Coming that, "He will send His
angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they will gather
together His elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven
to the other"
(Matthew 24:31). He also says, "And if I go and
prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to
Myself, that where I am, there you may be also"
(John 14:3).


They say that man's soul dies when his body dies, and that there
is no difference between the death of man and the death of
animals. They believe that immortality is a specific characteristic
of Jehovah alone.
The only person that will gain immortality is he who passes the
test during his life on earth. The soul is not immortal by its
nature, but immortality is granted to it by God if it succeeds in
its spiritual wars.
Jehovah's Witnesses say that Jesus Christ Himself does not
have an immortal soul, but gained immortality as a reward
for His success in the test and for His faithfulness to the
Father until death.

They say that Satan is the first teacher of immortality. He
proclaimed immortality when he said to Adam and Eve, "You
will not surely die"
(Genesis 3:4). He was a liar in saying this,
and hence immortality is a lie from Satan.

They proclaim that when man dies, he will have no sensation,
feeling or comprehension, and will continue as such until the
day of the resurrection.
That is why they do not believe in the intercession of the
saints who departed from our world, considering that their
spirits have died, not returning to a state of feeling or

Hence, they say that Christ Himself cannot be God, since He is
not immortal by His nature, but gained immortality after His
In like manner, they deny eternal suffering for the wicked;
considering that if their spirits are not immortal, how can they
live eternally in suffering?
Jehovah's Witnesses attempt to prove mortality of the soul by
what was mentioned in the book of Ezekiel, "the soul who sins
shall die". The explanation of this verse is that here, the word
"soul" means `the whole person', as it was said that eight souls
were saved in the ark (1 Peter 3:20), meaning eight persons.
The king of Sodom also said to our father Abraham, "Give me
the souls (persons), and take the goods for yourself"
14:21). Likewise, it was said in Acts 2:41, "Then those who
gladly received his word were about three thousand souls", that
is to say `persons'. Similarly, refer to: Acts 27:37, James 5:19,
20, 1 Peter 1:9, Proverbs 25:25, Exodus 31:14, Leviticus 19:8,
Genesis 12:5, and Genesis 3:7.

In Reply to the Heresy of Jehovah's Witnesses:
1. The creation of man in God's likeness and image
(Genesis 1:26,27).

God is immortal and hence man is also immortal.
2. Man is not like animals.

Since God breathed the breath of life into Adam and he became
a living being (Genesis 2:7).
3. The Bible says that God is "the God of Abraham, Isaac
and Jacob, the God of the living and not of the dead"
(Luke 20: 37, 38).

Hence Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and the like were and are still
alive and their spirits have not died through their {physical}
4. The book of Revelations mentions the souls that were
killed under the altar (Revelations 6:9-11), and how they
spoke to God, and God spoke to them.

Hence their souls were not dead.

5. At the time of Saint Stephen's martyrdom he said, "Lord
Jesus, receive my spirit" (Acts 7:59).
This, of course, does not mean that He would receive a spirit
which does not feel or sense.
6. It is said in the book of Ecclesiastes about death, "Then
the dust will return to the earth as it was, and the spirit will
return to God who gave it"
(Ecclesiastes 12:7),

Its return to God means it is alive.
7. In the book of Job, it is said, "and after my skin is
destroyed, this I know, that in my flesh I shall see God"
(job 19:26,27).
How can he see God if in his death his spirit cannot feel, see or
8. What can we then say about the miracles of raising the
dead, which are many.
Like the story of the rich man and Lazarus (Luke 16).
9. As for the Lord's saying to the repentant thief,
"Assuredly, I say to you, today you will be with Me in
(Luke 23:43), Jehovah's Witnesses, {as was

mentioned before}, have tried to alter the translation to
become, `Assuredly I say to you today, you will be with
Me in Paradise.'

It is clear that this misconstruction is not logical.
10. The expression, `the death of man' means the
separation of his spirit from his body, and it does not
mean the death of his spirit.

Jehovah's Witnesses mix between the spirit and the body - See
1 Thessalonians 5:23. The expression, "the soul that sins will
(Ezekiel 18:4), means that the person who sins will die the
eternal death in "the lake of fire and brimstone" (Revelations
11. What about the spirit of Moses the prophet then, that
appeared on the Mount of Transfiguration with Christ?
Our Lord was speaking with Moses (Mark 9:4), who had died
1400 years beforehand. Was Moses' spirit dead, without
feeling or comprehension?

Jehovah's Witnesses believe in the annihilation of the wicked
and not in their torture; even Satan will be annihilated and not
tortured. Our father Adam has also died and will not rise again.
1. They do not believe in the immortality of the soul.
They {say} that the idea of the immortality of the soul was
invented by Satan when he said to Adam and Eve, "You will not
surely die"
(Genesis 3:4). It is as if the soul of man is like that
of an animal, being annihilated and terminated! Eternal life, in
their view, is a gift which God grants to the righteous, but it is
not of the nature of the soul.
2. They believe that the punishment of annihilation is for all
the wicked, even Satan himself.

In their doctrine Satan will be annihilated, he will cease to exist
and not be tortured. This, of course, is against the teaching of
the Bible. Thus it was written in the book of Revelations, "And
the devil, who deceived them, was cast into the lake of fire and
brimstone where the beast and the false prophet are. And they
will be tormented day and night forever and ever"
20:10). All the wicked will share in this fate, as the Lord said to
those on His left, "Depart from Me, you cursed, into the

everlasting fire prepared for the devil and his angels"
(Matthew 25:41).
3. The Bible did not say `annihilation', but `torture', day
and night, forever and ever.

Satan will share in the punishment of the fire and brimstone,
along with his angels, the beast, the false prophet and all the
wicked. Hence, the Lord {has clearly defined the fate of both
the wicked and the righteous;} "And these will go away into
everlasting punishment, but the righteous into eternal life"
(Matthew 25:46). He {spoke about} the fate of all those who
worship the beast and his image {saying}that they will be
"...tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the
holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb. And the smoke of
their torment ascends forever and ever; and they have no rest
day or night"
(Revelation 14:10-11).
The phrase, "they have no rest" does not agree with
annihilation, and likewise, the phrase, "tribulation and
as is found in Romans 2:8,9 ("tribulation and anguish,
on every soul of man who does evil, of the Jew first and also of
the Greek"). {Furthermore,} it was said about the Second
Coming of the Lord that, "The Son of Man will send out His
angels, and they will gather out of His kingdom all things that
offend, and those who practice lawlessness, and will cast them
into the furnace of fire. There will be wailing and gnashing of
(Matthew 13:41,42). Naturally, annihilation does not
agree with wailing and gnashing of teeth. Likewise, the rich
man asked of our father Abraham to send to him Lazarus with a

drop of water to cool his tongue, for he was tormented in that
flame (Luke 16:24).
4. The question of annihilation and the lack of torment
leads people to carelessness.

The lack of punishment will make them say, as some atheist
philosophers have said, "Let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we
(1 Corinthians 15:32), {{in order to satisfy themselves
with the desires of the world.}}
5. The idea of annihilation encourages those who commit

He who commits suicide thinks that death will relieve him from
his torment in the world, but we warn him of the torment after
death, since through suicide, he will meet death while being a
killer of a soul. In this way, eternal punishment awaits him. If
however, he was to be annihilated, then he truly would have
been liberated from earthly torment, and without torment after
6. Similarly, annihilation is against the resurrection and the
judgement of the wicked.

For what does it mean that God raises thousands of millions of
wicked people from death to say to them, "I have raised you to
say to you go and die again"?

If Jehovah's Witnesses, however, say that the dead will not rise,
then we can place before them the Lord's saying, "....all who
are in the graves will hear His voice and come forth - those
who have done good, to the resurrection of life, and those who
have done evil, to the resurrection of condemnation"
5:28,29). Likewise, what is the meaning of the judgement
which is found in (Matthew 25:31-46), in which the Lord will
separate the righteous on His right and the wicked on His left?
7. In the same way, the punishment of annihilation makes
all the wicked equal in reward.

Whereas it was said that the Lord will reward each according to
his works (Matthew 16:27), the works of the wicked differ in
levels and ugliness. For this reason the Lord said about the city
of Capernaum which rejected Him, "that it shall be more
tolerable for the land of Sodom in the day of judgement than
for you"
(Matthew 11:24).

Jehovah's Witnesses believe in numerous resurrections, each
one being for a particular group of people, whereas the Holy
Bible teaches that there is only one resurrection for all people,
the righteous and the wicked, together. It says, "...the hour is
coming in which all who are in the graves will hear His voice
and come forth - those who have done good, to the resurrection
of life, and those who have done evil, to the resurrection of
(John 5:28-29). As for Jehovah's Witnesses,
they believe in the following resurrections:
1. The resurrection of the little flock.
This title was mentioned in Luke 12:32, and what is meant by it
is those who will enter through the narrow gate, of which the
Lord said, "Because narrow is the gate and difficult is the way
which leads to life, and there are few who find it"
Jehovah's Witnesses, however, see that this resurrection is for
them, those of them who have died, as well as the living who,
when they die, will complete the number, which is only 144
000. They will rise with heavenly, or spiritual, bodies. This
description is mentioned in 1 Corinthians 15:44 & 49, but this

was said about everyone and not just about the 144 000;
perhaps they took the number 144 000 from Revelations 7:4.
The details of what was mentioned in this verse do not apply to
Jehovah's Witnesses, neither does what was mentioned in
Revelations 14:1-5.
They {say} that this resurrection started in the year 1914, and
that it is the first resurrection, but since the number is not
complete, the resurrection will be completed with those
Jehovah's Witnesses who are still alive.
It is impossible that the heavenly or spiritual resurrection is only
for one seventh of a million people from amongst the hundreds
of millions of believers, this being repeated in many generations!
If we complete what was mentioned in Revelations 7, we read
these verses:"After these things I looked, and behold, a great
multitude which no one could number, of all nations, tribes,
peoples, and tongues, standing before the throne (i.e. in
heaven) and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, with
palm branches in their hands..."
, "Therefore, they are before
the throne of God, and serve Him day and night in His temple.
And He who sits on the throne will dwell among them"
(Revelations 7:9-15).
2. The second resurrection that Jehovah's Witnesses
believe in is the earthly resurrection.
They call it the resurrection of `the Other Sheep'. These
people will remain in earthy bodies, living on earth, and will be
governed from heaven by the 144 000. These include the

righteous people of the Old Testament, amongst them being
Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and David, whom they call, `the princes
of earth.'
This resurrection also includes evil-doers, who will be given a
chance of one thousand years to repent.
A righteous government on earth will be established for the
people of this earthly resurrection and they will marry and give
birth in the shadow of the rule of the kingdom.
3. There is a resurrection for a third group, this being for
righteous people who are not from amongst Jehovah's

They will rise in the second resurrection in the second thousand
Jehovah's Witnesses also say that the day of judgement is one
thousand years and that some people will not rise at all, such as
Adam, who perished and was annihilated.


Jehovah's Witnesses do not believe that the Holy Spirit is a
Hypostasis (a `Person' of the Holy Trinity), but that He is
merely a power!

To this view, we say that the verses speaking about the Holy
Spirit in the Bible prove that He is a Hypostasis in the following
He speaks.
For the Lord said to His saintly disciples "for it is not you who
speak, but the Spirit of your Father who speaks in you"
(Matthew 10:20). And Saint Paul the apostle says, "Today, if
you will hear His voice, do not harden your hearts"
3:7-9). It is the Spirit who said, "Now, separate to Me
Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them"
(Acts 13:2). Therefore, He speaks and calls.
He teaches, reminds, guides, tells and convicts.
This is evident in the words of the Lord to the disciples about
the Holy Spirit, for He says, "He will teach you all things, and

bring to your remembrance all the things that I said to you"
(John 14:26), and "When He, the Spirit of truth, has come, He
will guide you into all truth ... and He will tell you things to
(John 16:13), and "He will convict the world of sin"
(John 16:8).
He leads the believers, whether they be congregation or
Saint Paul the apostle says that, "For as many as are led the
Spirit of God, these are sons of God"
(Romans 8:14).
He also sets up shepherds.
Saint Paul the Apostle said to the bishops of Ephesus,
"Therefore take heed to yourselves and to all the flock among
which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers"
(Acts 20:28);
also see Acts 13:2.
It is also the Holy Spirit Who determines the way and
movement of ministers.
Saint Luke the Evangelist says of Saint Paul and his
companions, "Now when they had gone through Phrygia and
the region of Galatia, they were forbidden by the Holy Spirit to
preach the word in Asia. After they had come to Mysia, they
tried to go into Bithynia, but the Spirit did not permit them"
(Acts 16:6,7).

The Holy Spirit helps and comforts the believers, making
intercession for them.

The Lord Jesus Christ says, "And I will pray the Father, and
He will give you another Helper, that He may abide with you
(John 14:16). Saint Paul says of Him, "the Spirit
Himself makes intercession for us with groanings which cannot
be uttered"
(Romans 8:26).
Since He speaks, teaches, reminds, guides, tells, convicts, leads
the believers and sets up shepherds, determining their
movement and helping and interceding, does it not follow that
He is a Hypostasis?
As for the power, it is a consequence of His coming upon the
believers, "But you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit
has come upon you"
(Acts 1:8). His coming upon believers
also gives zeal and wisdom and knowledge.

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